sábado, 30 de janeiro de 2016

Adaptation and degraded areas

These are areas with great potential to cause major problems for future economic activity in the region, including the accelerating loss of arable land.
The researches have shown that global warming is cumulative, complex and comprehensive and that ongoing climate change is caused largely by human activities. Among the various human activities agriculture has been responsible for much of the greenhouse gases in the world. To minimize these risks public policy and environmental education activities, driven by scientific and technological knowledge to take responsibility for transforming attitudes and behavior, can stimulate and intensify the proper use and handling of already deforested areas degraded or abandoned these regions.

Several established practice and simultaneous enforcement actions can be employed to reduce degradation:

Reduce degradation of natural resources (water, soil, vegetation) through environmental education, enhancing technical assistance and rural extension permanently, enabling thus the diffusion of management practices and soil conservation, water, vegetation, are already established for research and not put into practice, especially in semi-arid areas of the Northeast.

There are new avenues for the treatment of degraded areas:

The Northeast started a hydraulic solution process 100 years ago (DNOCS). In the 1970s he worked the paradigm of Living with Drought (adaptation). A new recovery paradigm of degraded areas (recovery of degraded areas, especially the INCRA settlements originated in unproductive farms) associated with the exploitation of plants, animals and partners microorganisms of the region's production factors (lots of sun, little water, high temperatures ) by the deepening of the active ingredients that biodiversity provides, is a transformative way. Ex: You can escape the cattle with forage cactus, but before feeding cattle the palm can be a source of natural coloring, raw material for moisturizing etc.

New roads can be formulated for recovery of degraded areas:

There is need to expand research on land reclamation and adopt mitigation and adaptation measures identified by the research, even if it has a cost.

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